Guide written by:
Michael, Professional and passionate welder, Sheffield
Ever attempted to hack through a curtain pole without using a without a vice? If you have, you'll know that it's pretty much impossible to do – at least not without a lot of swearing and hurting yourself! Bench vices are designed to fit to a workbench or any sturdy surface to hold workpieces or assemblies in place while you cut, file or dismantle them.
Vices are made up of several components.
Before you make your choice, you need to think about the type of impacts your vice will have to handle – will it be subject to a few light taps or repeated blows from a hammer? Secondly what do you plan on clamping – wood, metal, PVC or more fragile items?
Vices all vary in terms of:
If you're looking for a general purpose vice, you can forget about old-fashioned, wooden woodworking vices which are only designed for fairly limited applications.
Similarly, you'll rarely come across solid steel blacksmith's vices which are designed to handle heavy blows. That said, you will often find vices with integrated anvils to help to divert the force from hammer blows.
Made from cast iron or steel, these are the most common types of vices. The width of the jaws and the jaw opening varies between models.
Vices with swivel bases can be used to hold long workpieces when you don't have a lot of room to work.
Multipurpose vices feature pivoting jaws which can be used to hold pipes and tubes. The jaws themselves feature a v-shaped groove which works really well for holding round objects. An integrated anvil tops off the features of these vices.
Table vices can be secured quickly to any surface using an integral screw clamp located below the body. These vices are best for occasional use.
Woodworking vices feature two guide rods to ensure the jaws stay parallel.
A pipe vice features an arched stationary jaw and moveable jaw made from malleable cast iron. These vices are mostly used by pipe fitters and plumbers. Designed to be clamped to the end of a workbench, pipe vices are ideal for cutting threads into pipes.
Angle vices are designed to hold and assemble two workpieces to form a 90° angle. They are often used for gluing together frames.
Portable clamping systems are used on job sites or for indoor work. They feature a cleverly designed quick clamping system to save you a lot of time. A foot pedal is used to control the jaws meaning you have one or both hands free to hold the workpiece.
Portable vices are used for tasks that require a long clamping surface.
It can sometimes be tricky to hold a tiny workpiece steady. But there are a few crafty ways to get around the issue.
Jeweller's hand vices are really useful for holding small objects of any shape. You can then introduce the object to a grinder or sander without hurting your fingers. A series of metal pins can be inserted into the flat head of these vices via the holes. These pins can help you clamp fiddlier objects such as figurines or models. In addition, the handle cover can usually be removed so you can insert the vice head into a bench vice if you prefer.
Locking pliers can also be a useful accessory to use alongside a bench vice.
Any job involving a pillar drill cannot be carried out without the use of a drill press vice. Accidents are common and this accessory is essential for holding your workpieces firmly in place.
Different types of vices with specific clamp designs can be used to stabilise the vice to your work surface. If you have any repetitive tasks to carry out, go for a model with a quick clamp system to increase your productivity.
For machine tools such as milling machines or shapers a range of vices on a mill table will provide greater comfort and unbeatable safety for drilling or precision tasks in any position imaginable.
If you're hoping to use the vice to clamp fragile workpieces, you will have to use the right type of jaw pads. These jaw protectors come in all different styles including:
Most of these accessories are magnetic for a firm hold on the jaws.
An adjustable stand lift can be used to automatically adjust the height of your vice for enhanced user comfort.
Some workpieces cannot be damaged or marked by the vice jaws.In this case, a vacuum clamping system will work perfectly. These nifty devices feature a suction pad which is able to hold workpieces made of any material as long as they have at least one smooth surface.
Over time, the components that make up your vice, such as the jaws, swivel base or clamping screw may have to deal with significant wear. Make sure to check that the bench vice you buy is compatible with the types of replacement parts available on the market.
Guide written by:
Michael, Professional and passionate welder, Sheffield, 74 guides
I was trained as a pipe worker and a pipe-welder and after having traveled for 35 years working around the UK, I became the head a metal shop and then a designer and in the end the head engineer. I have designed and built a workshop where I make metal sculptures: I managed to find a piece of paradise where I can to let my imagination run wild. Auctions and garage sales are no secret to me. I find unusual objects and old tools there that I collect or transform into works of art. I also like decoration, painting on canvas, and gardening. I am developing new technologies concerning tools. To share my passion and humbly advise you in your choice of materials is a real pleasure.