Guide written by:
Crystal, Owner of a small gardening business, Oxford
The first step in sowing a lawn is to prepare the soil. This allows you to loosen the earth and pull out any weeds or the remains of old grass from the previous year. Prepping the earth properly will allow you to start from a clean slate. It is possible to do so manually using a hoe. However, for surfaces measuring over 100 m², it's probably best to use a cultivator.
To ensure your soil clear-up is effective, you'll need to follow four basic rules:
Once the soil is bare and all plants have been removed, you can move on to levelling out the soil. This allows you to start with a flat surface and also to inject some air into the soil. Levelling the soil is usually done using a hand cultivator or rake. Your aim should be to fill in any holes, flatten any earth mounds and to remove any remaining rocks or roots.
After you've levelled out the soil, it is ready for the grass seed. Grass seed is generally broadcast, meaning the gardener attempts to spread the seed evenly by throwing it in handfuls over the soil. But it isn't as easy as it looks and you might find that your seed isn't landing very evenly. In this case, you can use a spreader for greater precision.
If you want a lush lawn with densely packed blades of grass, you'll need to spread about 40 g of grass seed per m². Here are five tips to bear in mind to help you sow your grass seed effectively:
By this point, your grass seed should be spread over the soil. You now need to cover up the seeds with earth.
To do so, you'll need your rake once again. The grass seed should be buried around 1 cm down in the soil. It is not necessary to rake any deeper than this; only the surface of your soil should be worked. At the same time, be careful not to move the seeds around too much!
To help the grass seed come into contact with the soil, it's best to use your lawn roller on dry soil that has recently been raked. A lawn roller is a hollow barrel-shaped tool made of metal or plastic. Designed to be filled with water or sand for extra weight, lawn rollers can be pushed or pulled over a surface in order to even out the ground or, if you're sowing grass seed, to ensure that the seed gets buried in the soil. You can also use your lawn roller throughout the year to help maintain your lawn.
Your lawn should now be sown, but your work isn't quite done yet! You now need to take care of the ground to maximise the lawn's chances of success. Here are five tips to help you grow a green lawn.
Guide written by:
Crystal, Owner of a small gardening business, Oxford, 51 guides
From a background in waste transportation, I became a farmer specializing in organic market gardening. A graduate of a professional baccalaureate in Agronomy and Horticultural Production, I tried for several years as a young farmer to settle in the beautiful region of Oxford. After many disappointments, I finally started a small-business in home services, specifically in gardening, assisted by my loving, dear husband. Passionate about nature and wild edible plants, I am very attentive to ecological solutions and respectful of our environment in all aspects of my daily life. From the vegetable garden to the flower beds, from seed to harvest, I have all kinds of advice up my sleeve. Do not hesitate to ask me your questions.
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