Installed within a table structure, table saws are designed to cut a range of flat materials including wood and wood by-products like chipboard. You can even cut through soft metals with the correct type of blade.
Blade: main features
Blades should be chosen according to the type of material you want to cut, and can be adjusted in height according to the thickness of the material.Blades range from around 190 to 315 mm in diameter and are usually equipped with carbide-tipped teeth. The blade itself is surrounded by guards to ensure user safety (luckily for you!).
Table dimensions and material
The table itself can be made of aluminium or steel and tends to be fairly small in size:
- 60 x 30 cm (L x W) for a smaller model;
- 80 x 70 x 100 cm (L x W x H) for larger models.
In any case, you won't have a huge work surface to play with. That said, it is possible to purchase table extensions which will improve your working comfort by increasing the amount of space available to you.
Power rating and weight of a table saw
Power ratings vary between 1000 and 3800 W; this will determine the cutting power of your table saw. For example, large, hardwood workpieces will require more power than 30 mm pine battens. Machines can also feature a single- or three-phase motor, depending on your power supply.
The weight of table saw will vary depending on its power rating, size and the material of the frame and table.Nonetheless, table saws rarely weigh over 30 kg. If you plan on moving your table saw around, go for a model equipped with a frame on wheels.
Mitre saw function
Some table saws also feature an in-built mitre function, although it's relatively uncommon. A table saw with a mitre function allows you to make mitrecuts (i.e. angled cuts ranging from 0 to 90° to the piece of wood).Table saws that offer a mitre function will feature a mitre gauge (an angled scale). You can also make mitre cuts using a table saw and a mitre sled.